A Closer Look At The Lithium ETF (LIT)

When it comes to commodity investing, there are a few big players that tend to gather the majority of investor attention. Futures products like crude, gold, and natural gas gobble up headlines while others like sugar and aluminum tend to fall by the wayside. But there are a number of viable alternatives in the commodity space that are linked more closely with our economy than investor attention. Commodities like zinc and tin have far more practical use than something like gold, yet their respective volumes come nowhere near the coveted precious metal. For those investors looking to make a commodity play that brings you closer to the ground in an economic sense, there are a number of strong options available [see also 50 Ways To Invest In Gold].

Perhaps one of the most interesting plays comes from lithium. Lithium is a soft metal that appears a silver-white color and trace amounts of it are actually detectable in all living organisms This alkali metal is not the most popular when it comes to trading volume, but it is perhaps one of the most practical options available and it has a strong growth potential for the foreseeable future [see also A Closer Look At The Rare Earth Metal ETF (REMX)].


Lithium has a variety of applications, and is used widely in pharma, ceramics, aluminum, and a number of clean technology processes. Lithium is one of the lightest metals and can store three times the energy of competing materials, which makes it the most attractive battery material according to the U.S. Geological Survey reports. It can be charged and discharged hundreds of cycles without substantial degradation, loses very little charge while idle, and has no memory effects. Moreover, lithium is environmentally friendly compared to existing nickel-metal hydride or lead-acid battery technologies, a major driver of widespread use in batteries for hybrid and electric cars.

Most consumers already use lithium batteries in a variety of everyday products such as wristwatches and portable consumer electronics. But the potential game-changer for lithium demand is the rechargeable lithium-ion battery. These products are already used in many consumer electronics such as laptops and cell phones due to the high energy to weight ratios; over 90% of laptops use the technology and just over 60% of cell phones are lithium-ion powered. These batteries are gaining traction as a power source for cars, planes, and military vehicles, which could propel demand for the metal to new heights. Within the auto industry, the Chevy Volt will be powered by a lithium-ion battery pack, and the Tesla Roadster, Chyrsler EcoVoyager, Dodge ZEO, Jeep Renegade and the Saturn Flextreme are all slated for “li-ion” batteries as well [see also Crude Oil Crushed: Buy or Sell?].

An investment in lithium can also be considered as an investment in the growth of technology, as the two industries will likely parallel each other in the coming years. The relationship is comparable to the semiconductor industry versus the tech sector; both depend on each other and help the other grow. When it comes to lithium exposure, however, the list of options is relatively thin. One of the best ways for consumers to gain access to this metal comes from the Lithium ETF (LIT) from fund issuer Global X.

Behind The Curtain: LIT

This fund, tracks the Solactive Global Lithium Index, which is comprised of companies globally that are primarily engaged in some aspect of the lithium industry such as lithium mining, exploration and lithium-ion battery production. The fund was brought to market in July of 2010 and charges an expense ratio of 75 basis points. As far as performance is concerned, LIT has taken a major hit. Since inception, the fund has dropped 13%, and in 2011 alone the fund is down nearly 38% in 2011. The likely culprit of lithium’s demise comes from a sluggish economy and lower-than-expected growth in a number of technological sectors on which lithium depends for its livelihood.

Underlying holdings in this fund are dominated by international stocks, but still feature a surprising U.S. allocation of roughly 42%; most metals equity funds feature a great deal of international exposure with little left for domestic firms. Though international equities are more present in the fund, the U.S. is still the largest single country allocation, followed by Chile, Australia, and Canada. As far as market capitalization is concerned, the fund has heavy weightings in medium and micro cap companies, evening out to create a small-cap structure overall [see also Introducing Our New Commodity Trading Center And Dictionary].

Investors should note that this product is relatively volatile, with a beta score of 1.54 and a 200 day volatility of 44%. This may be offset, however, by the handsome dividend yield of 1.72%, bringing in steady gains to any portfolio. Finally, investors need to remember that this is an equity product, meaning that it will not always coincide perfectly with lithium’s underlying spot price; while it offers good exposure to lithium, those wishing for a more direct play may be better served elsewhere. But for those who buy into its strategy as well as the long-term growth outlook for lithium, LIT may be the perfect addition to your portfolio.

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Disclosure: No positions at time of writing.

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Commodity HQ is not an investment advisor, and any content published by Commodity HQ does not constitute individual investment advice. The opinions offered herein are not personalized recommendations to buy, sell or hold securities or investment assets. Read the full disclaimer here.

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